Vocabulary List

'A'

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Abated

(verb)

Meaning: (of something unpleasant or severe) become less intense or widespread.

Synonyms: dwindle, slow, subside

Antonyms: advance, rise, develop

 

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Abetting

(verb)

Meaning: encourage or assist (someone) to do something wrong, in particular to commit a crime.

Synonyms: condone, advocate, promote

Antonyms: halt, reject, prevent

 

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Abettor

(noun)

Meaning: one associated with another in wrongdoing

Synonyms: accessory, helper, accomplice

Antonyms: adversary, opponent

 

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Abhorrent

(adjective)

Meaning: inspiring disgust and loathing; repugnant.

Synonyms: despicable, execrable, offensive

Antonyms: admirable, loved, acceptable

 

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Abide

(verb)

Meaning: accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation).

Synonyms: accept, consent, defer

Antonyms: disallow, continue, avoid

 

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Abreast of

(adverb)

Meaning: side by side and facing the same way.

Synonyms: beside, level, equal

Antonyms: lost, unaware, out of touch

 

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Abscond

(verb)

Meaning: leave hurriedly and secretly, typically to escape from custody or avoid arrest.

Synonyms: break, jump, fade

Antonyms: appear, arrive, wait

 

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Accrual

(noun)

 

Meaning: the accumulation or increase of something over time, especially payments or benefits.

Synonyms: accumulation, amassing, buildup

Antonyms: decrease, deduction, subtraction

 

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Accrue

(verb)

Meaning: (of a benefit or sum of money) be received by someone in regular or increasing amounts over time.

Synonyms: accumulate, flow, gather

Antonyms: divide, spend, scatter

 

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Acerbic

(adjective)

Meaning: (especially of a comment or style of speaking) sharp and forthright.

Synonyms: caustic, acrid, harsh

Antonyms: calm, mild, kind

 

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Achievements

(noun)

Meaning: a thing done successfully with effort, skill, or courage.

Synonyms: acquirement, accomplishment, success

Antonyms: mess, muddle, failure

 

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Acumen

(noun)

 

Meaning: the ability to make good judgements and take quick decisions

Synonyms: awareness, brilliance, intuition

Antonyms: ignorance, denseness, stupidity

 

'B'

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Bald

(adjective)

Meaning: not having any extra detail or explanation; plain or blunt.

Synonyms: bare, barren, vacant

Antonyms: ambiguous, clouded, cryptic

 

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Balkanized

(verb)

Meaning: divide (a region or body) into smaller mutually hostile states or groups.

Synonyms: disunited, divided, split

Antonyms: unanimous, undivided, united

 

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Ballast

(noun)

 

Meaning: heavy material, such as gravel, sand, or iron, placed in the bilge of a ship to ensure its stability.

Synonyms: equilibrium, weight, balance

Antonyms: instability, willingness, responsiveness

 

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Banal

(adjective)

Meaning: so lacking in originality as to be obvious and boring.

Synonyms: flat, boring, unexciting

Antonyms: piquant, entertaining, exciting

 

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Barred

(adjective)

Meaning: closed or secured with a long rigid piece of wood, metal, or similar material.

Synonyms: block, plug, clog

Antonyms: free, unfasten, let go

 

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Based

(verb)

 

Meaning: use (something specified) as the foundation or starting point for something.

Synonyms: established, positioned, occupying

Antonyms: head, top, vertex

 

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Basis

(noun)

Meaning: the underlying support or foundation for an idea, argument, or process.

Synonyms: base, footing, bottom

Antonyms: top, superior, legitimate

 

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Baying

(verb)

Meaning: (of a dog, especially a large one) bark or howl loudly.

Synonyms: boom, rebound, crash

Antonyms: breathing, mumbling, whispering

 

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Bedazzled

(verb)

Meaning: greatly impress (someone) with outstanding ability or striking appearance.

Synonyms: astound, dazzle, bewilder

Antonyms: bore, explain, clear up

 

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Bedizened

(verb)

Meaning: dress up or decorate gaudily.

Synonyms: adorn, fix up, beautify

Antonyms: uglify, dull, mess up

 

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Beguiled

(verb)

Meaning: charm or enchant (someone), often in a deceptive way.

Synonyms: deceive, cheat, scam

Antonyms: repel, unappealing, turn off

 

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Belie

(verb)

Meaning: (of an appearance) fail to give a true impression of (something).

Synonyms: deny, contradict, unapproved

Antonyms: approve, endorse, affirm

 

'C'

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Cads

(noun)

Meaning: a man who behaves dishonorably, especially towards a woman.

Synonyms: boor, rascal, louse

Antonyms: gentleman, helper, hero

 

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Cahoots

(noun)

Meaning: colluding or conspiring together secretly.

Synonyms: alliance, league, collusion

Antonyms: breakups, dissociated, disunions

 

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Cajole

(verb)

Meaning: persuade [someone] to do something by sustained coaxing or flattery.

Synonyms: deceive, seduce, dupe

Antonyms: disenchant, dissuade, repulse

 

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Callous

(adjective)

Meaning: showing or having an insensitive and cruel disregard for others.

Synonyms: apathetic, careless, uncaring

Antonyms: caring, mindful, nice

 

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Callow

(adjective)

Meaning: (of a young person) inexperienced and immature.

Synonyms: inexperienced, infact, crude

Antonyms: experienced, mature, initiated

 

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Calumnies

(noun)

Meaning: the making of false and defamatory statements about someone in order to damage their reputation; slander.

Synonyms: defamation, lie, aspersing

Antonyms: acclaim, accolade, applause

 

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Calumny

(noun)

Meaning: the making of false and defamatory statements about someone in order to damage their reputation; slander.

Synonyms: defamation, lie, slander

Antonyms: applause, praise, esteem

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Candor

(noun)

Meaning: the quality of being open and honest; frankness.

Synonyms: fairness, simplicity, frankness

Antonyms: deceit, artifice, deception

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Caned

(adjective)

Meaning: (of furniture) made or repaired with cane.

Synonyms: afflict, scathe, cane

Antonyms: aid, laud, assist

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Capricious

(adjective)

Meaning: given to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behavior.

Synonyms: fickle, unreasonable, unstable

Antonyms: cautious, steady, constant

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Careened

(verb)

Meaning: turn (a ship) on its side for cleaning, caulking, or repair.

Synonyms: lurch, pitch, bend

Antonyms: straighten, high, rise

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Carnage

(noun)

Meaning: the killing of a large number of people.

Synonyms: bloodshed, killing, butchery

Antonyms: peace, ransom, deliverance

'D'

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Daft

(adjective)

Meaning: silly; foolish.

Synonyms: absurd, crackers, asinine

Antonyms: brainy, smart, bright

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Dated

(adjective)

Meaning: marked with a date.

Synonyms: archaic, outmoded, outdated

Antonyms: current, new, modern

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Daunting

(adjective)

Meaning: seeming difficult to deal with in prospect; intimidating.

Synonyms: appall, dismay, deter

Antonyms: assist, please, calm

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Dearth

(noun)

Meaning: a scarcity or lack of something.

Synonyms: absence, paucity, lack

Antonyms: luxury, adequacy, success

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Debase

(verb)

Meaning: reduce (something) in quality or value; degrade.

Synonyms: cheapen, dishonor, demean

Antonyms: boost, improve, enhance

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Debauchery

(noun)

Meaning: excessive indulgence in sex, alcohol, or drugs.

Synonyms: revelry, lechery, seduction

Antonyms: moderation, giving, virtue

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Debauchment

(noun)

Meaning: The act of debauching or corrupting; the act of seducing from virtue or duty.

Synonyms: contamination, deterioration, corrupt

Antonyms: incorruptible, ethical, honest

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Declare

(verb)

Meaning: say something in a solemn and emphatic manner.

Synonyms: confirm, disclose, affirm

Antonyms: conceal, disavow, deny

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Decry

(verb)

Meaning: publicly denounce.

Synonyms: belittle, asperse, condemn

Antonyms: approve, increase, praise

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Deeply humbling

(adjective)

Meaning: having a feeling of insignificance, inferiority, subservience, etc.

Synonyms: chagrin, deflate, chasten

Antonyms: boost, release, build up

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Deface

(verb)

Meaning: spoil the surface or appearance of (something), for example by drawing or writing on it.

Synonyms: demolish, harm, sully

Antonyms: build, fix, grow

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Defame

(verb)

Meaning: damage the good reputation of (someone); slander or libel.

Synonyms: denigrate, malign, discredit

Antonyms: commend, laud, praise

'E'

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Earnest

(adjective)

Meaning: resulting from or showing sincere and intense conviction.

Synonyms: ardent, passionate, diligent

Antonyms: apathetic, flippant, cold

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Ebullient

(adjective)

Meaning: cheerful and full of energy.

Synonyms: agitated, effusive, brash

Antonyms: depressed, unhappy, down

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Eccentric

(adjective)

Meaning: (of a person or their behavior) unconventional and slightly strange.

Synonyms: bizarre, peculiar, funny

Antonyms: common, standard, usual

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Eccentricity

(noun)

Meaning: the quality of being eccentric.

Synonyms: foible, quirk, abnormality

Antonyms: conformity, usualness, normalcy

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Eclectic

(adjective)

Meaning: deriving ideas, style, or taste from a broad and diverse range of sources.

Synonyms: broad, liberal, diverse

Antonyms: similar, particular, narrow

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Ecumenical

(adjective)

Meaning: representing a number of different Christian Churches.

Synonyms: comprehensive, cosmic, planetary

Antonyms: falsehood, rear, back

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Effacement

(noun)

Meaning: the act or process of effacing or eliminating something

Synonyms: eradication, exaction, killing

Antonyms: building, erection, raising

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Effete

(adjective)

Meaning: affected, over-refined, and ineffectual.

Synonyms: corrupt, debased, decadent

Antonyms: capable, useful, working

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Efficacious

(adjective)

Meaning: (of something inanimate or abstract) successful in producing a desired or intended result; effective.

Synonyms: effective, successful, productive

Antonyms: inefficacious, weak, incapable

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Effusive

(adjective)

Meaning: marked by the expression of great or excessive emotion or enthusiasm.

Synonyms: demonstrative, extravagant, ebullient

Antonyms: apathetic, silent, disinterested

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Egoist

(noun)

Meaning: a self-centered or selfish person (opposed to altruist). an arrogantly conceited person

Synonyms: boaster, egotist, braggart

Antonyms: altruist, humanitarian, philanthropist

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Egoistic

(noun)

Meaning: a believer in egoism

Synonyms: egocentric, egomaniac egotist

Antonyms: selfless, altruistic, diffident

'F'

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Facetious

(adjective)

Meaning: treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humour; flippant.

Synonyms: amusing, comical, blithe

Antonyms: formal, serious, grave

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Facile

(adjective)

Meaning: ignoring the true complexities of an issue; superficial.

Synonyms: effortless, adept, glib

Antonyms: arduous, hard, involved

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Factions

(noun)

Meaning: a small organized dissenting group within a larger one, especially in politics.

Synonyms: clan, gang, wing

Antonyms: unity, total, whole

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Factotums

(noun)

Meaning: an employee who does all kinds of work.

Synonyms: personal assistant, jack of all trades, general employee

Antonyms: boss, captain, chief

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Faddish

(adjective)

Meaning: enjoying widespread favor or approval

Synonyms: attractive, favored, beloved

Antonyms: inconspicuous, unpopular, obscure

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Fallacious

(adjective)

Meaning: based on a mistaken belief.

Synonyms: deceptive, fishy, delusive

Antonyms: correct, true, real

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Famine

(noun)

Meaning: excessive indulgence in sex, alcohol, or drugs.

Synonyms: drought, starvation, paucity

Antonyms: abundance, plenty, supply

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Fantastical

(adjective)

Meaning: conceived or seemingly conceived by unrestrained fancy

Synonyms: bizarre, fantastic, absurd

Antonyms: common, ordinary, familiar

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Farce

(noun)

Meaning: a poor, insincere, or insulting imitation of something

Synonyms: burlesque, mockery, skit

Antonyms: seriousness, sobriety, solemnity

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Farcical

(adjective)

Meaning: relating to or resembling farce, especially because of absurd or ridiculous aspects.

Synonyms: amusing, laughable, comical

Antonyms: grave, serious, tragic

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Fascist

(noun)

Meaning: a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc.

Synonyms: autocrat, authoritarian, tyrant

Antonyms: democracy, self-governance, freedom

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Fatuous

(adjective)

Meaning: silly and pointless.

Synonyms: absurd, dull, asinine

Antonyms: aware, keen, bright

'G'

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Gainsay

(verb)

Meaning: deny or contradict (a fact or statement).

Synonyms: combat, impugn, refute

Antonyms: accept, harmonize, admit

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Garland

(noun)

Meaning: a wreath of flowers and leaves, worn on the head or hung as a decoration.

Synonyms: wreath, crown, festoon

Antonyms: uglify, scar, disrobe

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Garner

(verb)

Meaning: gather or collect (something, especially information or approval).

Synonyms: amass, extract, pick up

Antonyms: spend, squander, disperse

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Garnish

(verb)

Meaning: decorate or embellish (something, especially food).

Synonyms: beautify, enhance, bedeck

Antonyms: hurt, decrease, divest

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Gauche

(adjective)

Meaning: unsophisticated and socially awkward.

Synonyms: awkward, clumsy, halting

Antonyms: elegant, refined, graceful

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Gem

(noun)

Meaning: a precious or semi-precious stone, especially when cut and polished or engraved.

Synonyms: jewel, stone, jewelry

Antonyms: dregs, vermin, deadbeats

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Generous

(adjective)

Meaning: showing a readiness to give more of something, especially money, than is strictly necessary or expected.

Synonyms: acceptable, benevolent, big

Antonyms: biased, mean, unkind

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Genteel

(adjective)

Meaning: characterized by exaggerated or affected politeness, refinement, or respectability.

Synonyms: polite, stylish, noble

Antonyms: rough, rude, uncivilized

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Gesture

(noun)

Meaning: a movement of part of the body, especially a hand or the head, to express an idea or meaning.

Synonyms: action, reminder, sign

Antonyms: speech, ignite, uncover

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Ginger

(noun)

Meaning: make someone or something more lively.

Synonyms: bounce, essence, dash

Antonyms: apathy, coldness, indifference

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Gleaned

(verb)

Meaning: obtain (information) from various sources, often with difficulty.

Synonyms: cull, gather, deduce

Antonyms: disperse, spread, divide

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Glib

(adjective)

Meaning: (of words or a speaker) fluent but insincere and shallow.

Synonyms: artful, articulate, talkative

Antonyms: quiet, stuttering, silent

'T'

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Tacit

(adjective)

Meaning: understood or implied without being stated.

Synonyms: silent, assumed, indirect

Antonyms: stated, express, explicit

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Taciturn

(adjective)

Meaning: temperamentally disinclined to talk

Synonyms: aloof, antisocial, dour

Antonyms: communicative, talkative, fluent

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Tacky

(adjective)

Meaning: (of glue, paint, or other substances) not fully dry and retaining a slightly sticky feel.

Synonyms: dingy, faded, shabby

Antonyms: clean, fresh, classy

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Tactful

(adjective)

Meaning: having or showing skill and sensitivity in dealing with others or with difficult issues.

Synonyms: polite, discreet, prudent

Antonyms: careless, uncivil, foolish

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Tarried

(verb)

Meaning: stay longer than intended; delay leaving a place.

Synonyms: abide, rest, lodge

Antonyms: advance, go ahead, allow

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Tenacious

(adjective)

Meaning: tending to keep a firm hold of something; clinging or adhering closely.

Synonyms: dogged, steadfast, forceful

Antonyms: afraid, yielding, irresolute

'U'

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Ululation

(verb)

Meaning: to utter a loud, usually protracted, high-pitched, rhythmical sound especially as an expression of sorrow, joy, celebration.

Synonyms: bark, moan, bellow

Antonyms: quiet, silence, whisper

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Unbeknownst

(adjective)

Meaning: without the knowledge of (someone).

Synonyms: unapprehend, concealed, mysterious

Antonyms: know, recognized, realized

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Unconscionable

(adjective)

Meaning: shocking unfair or unjust.

Synonyms: devilish, excessive, extreme

Antonyms: middling, moderate, modest

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Uncouth

(adjective)

Meaning: lacking good manners, refinement, or grace.

Synonyms: awkward, coarse, crass

Antonyms: agile, polished, couth

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Undermine

(verb)

Meaning: to subvert or weaken insidiously or secretly.

Synonyms: blunt, ruin, erode

Antonyms: aid, assist, build

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Uninhibited

(adjective)

Meaning: expressing one's feelings or thoughts unselfconsciously and without restraint.

Synonyms: candid, unrestrained, relaxed

Antonyms: careful, modest, shy